What is an Essay? Essay Writing, Parts of an Essay

What is an Essay?

An essay is a long piece of writing that gives information about a given topic. It also helps to communicate the writer’s point of view to the readers. The purpose of an essay writing is to test the language proficiency of the candidate along with his/her creativity and intellectual skills.

It tests (or evaluates) the ability of the candidate to present his/her ideas in the best possible manner. A good essay should be clear, concise and well-organised. It should create an impact in the mind of the readers.

The length of an essay varies according to the requirement. Essay writing not only develops logical thinking, but also improves the writing abilities and organisational skills of the student.


A well written essay is mainly divided into three parts

  • Introduction
  • Main Body
  • Conclusion


The introduction (or introductory paragraph or opening paragraph) is the most important part of an essay. An eye-catching and impactful introduction generates the reader’s interest to go through the entire essay. A brief summary of the topic can be used to introduce the topic. Remember that it should be short and to the point.

An relevant quotation can be added at the beginning to capture the reader’s attention. The introduction should properly convey the main point of the essay.

Main Body

The body of the essay contains all information about the topic. In this part, gradually develop the topic while writing the essay. Remember that your views expressed in the essay should not be biased. Only logical arguments, relevant facts and figures should be given. Apart from this, you can also add suitable explanation or elaboration should be added wherever required.


A strong conclusion is equally important to an essay as an eye-catching introduction. The concluding paragraphs should summarise the essay in a few lines. A strong conclusion provides a final perspective on the given topic. An interesting anecdote or quotation can be added to end the essay in an impressive manner. It should not be too long.


1. Brain Storming/Thinking About the Topic : Before you start writing the essay, spare a few minutes to think about the topic.

2. Jot Down the Main Points, Examples, Facts etc : Note down all the points, facts, examples that come to your mind on a separate sheet.

3. Preparing a Rough Sketch : Once you have jotted down the main points, you need to organise your ideas. Writing an outline/rough sketch or sketching is an excellent way to organise your ideas in a logical manner.

Preparing a rough sketch is very simple and includes the following points:

  • Write the topic in BLOCK LETTERS at the top of the page.
  • Divide the page into three headings namely Introduction, Main Body and Conclusion.
  • Write the main points under each heading.
  • Organise the points in a logical sequence.

4. Analysis of Rough Sketch : After you have prepared the rough sketch, go through it once to check if you have missed out any important point. You can also make changes in the order of points, examples etc.

5. Writing the Main Essay : After making the sketch, start writing the essay according to the plan/outlines you have created. You will be surprised to see how much time you have saved while writing the essay. Also, your essays will be more organised and impressive than before.


  • Use different types of sentence structures to write your essay.
  • Use transition paragraphs to move from one main point to another.
  • Take care of punctuation errors, spelling mistakes and grammatical errors.
  • Don’t repeat words or phrases.
  • Cite good examples wherever necessary.
  • Use true and accurate information in your essay.
  • Mention quote, anecdotes, stories, examples, case studies as they make the essay interesting to read.
  • Don’t use irrelevant and inappropriate examples, quotations, evidence etc.
  • Don’t use negative language, slang and abbreviations to write your essay.
  • Don’t make your essay too long.
  • Revise your essay after writing.