Essay on Indian New Wave Cinema (100+ Words)

Essay on Indian New Wave Cinema

Essay on Indian Cinema : The Indian cinema primarily emerged during the post-independence period. Before this period, India produced only a few films such as Dada Saheb Phalke’s Raja Harishchandra (1913), the first silent film in India and Alam Ara (1931), the first talking film, which was a superhit. Movies were also made in regional languages such as Bengali, Telugu, Tamil, Gujarati, Malayalam, Oria etc.

The post-independence period between 1940s and 1960s was regarded by film historians as Golden Age of Indian cinema. The films made during this period were thought provoking and emotionally enriching and delivering new ideas while keeping the basic Indian virtue intact.

Indian New Wave Cinema

Those films created new expectations for the masses as the theme of films during this time was social issues and issues of national integration. Times and perception changed as filmmakers started producing films which people could easily associate and connect with.

Factors such as new economic changes changed the film industry. Events such as liberalisation of economy in 1991 and entry of satellite television in 1992 changed the industry of cinema in India. It became more liberal, bringing in Western way of life, depicting exploitation, criminality etc.

Film makers have become bolder as now the cinema tries to present the clear black and white picture of even the controversial issues rather than venturing into the grey side which shows a hazy picture.

Value of Cinema for a Society

Indian cinema has an educative value. It exercise a deep influence upon the minds of the people. Cinema has the power to be an effective reformative instrument. It can expose the evils prevalent in the society such as girl foeticide, corruption, poverty, social unrest, illiteracy etc.

The Indian cinema captivates the hearts and minds of young boys and girls, that is why it is essential to use this medium wisely. Today’s filmmakers have a social responsibility along with their entertainment and commercial interests. It is always good to see good quality cinema.

It has a very positive and long lasting effect on the minds of people whereas movies that are shabby, affects the tender minds of people very badly. Bad cinema badly affects the thoughts of people. But it doesn’t mean that cinema should be discarded from the society.

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It has several roles to play in building prosperous society. Cinema has great educative value. It can achieve splended results in the expansion of education. Various subjects can be taught with the help of cinema. Subjects such as history, geography, lessons on road sense, rules of hygiene, civic sense, respect for women, respecting diverse cultures etc. can be taught with the help of cinema more effectively.

Cinemas and films have the power to influence the thinking of people. Indian cinema is the world’s largest producer of films in various languages, dialects, portraying the lives of people in different ways.

Movies have changed societies and social trends. They have become trend setters by having direct impacts our social lives. Movies have been used by filmmakers for arousing national consciousness and also in utilising the energy of youth in social reconstruction and nation building. Movies have been made on good moral, social and educative themes. Cinema has been used to formulate and guide public opinion.

Several films have been adopted from literary works. These films have successfully spread good literature among the common masses. It has also spread the practices of various cultures among the people. It imparts knowledge and understanding of lives and traditions of the people.

Movies are an important source of informations on History, civilisation, religions, social and economic aspects, politics etc. The social reality is depicted in the Indian cinema, sometimes realistically and sometimes according to the popular imagination. Thus, cinema is considered highly valuable for a society. As apart from entertainment medium, cinema has evolved itself into a diverse system that provides a large number of benefits to the society.

New Trends in Indian Cinema

Indian cinema has undergone various changes from the producer of masala content towards movies that are focussed upon social issues and spread the message on issues affecting Indian society. It has reached new heights and simultaneously underwent various trends and new changes. Some of these changes are

  • Single screen cinema theatres have been replaced by multiplexes that has increased the outreach of Indian cinema industry.
  • Digitisation and the infusion of over the top technological platforms that can stream directly to our homes in our mobile devices have changed the landscape of Indian cinema.
  • These video streaming platforms are advantageous for the viewers as they allow the Indian viewer to watch specific content of their choice at their own convenience. As these platforms are unregulated so, they allow more freedom and creative expression as compared to the traditional movie theatre release.
  • The new trend has been marketing the films for wider audiences rather than a particular segment. Now more movies are produced which are based on social cause and issues of several communities.
  • More number of movies are being made on national issues that captures the imagination of people and highlights various political issues and opinions. Digital connectivity has enabled such movies to reach wider audience.
  • Now large budget cinema is shifting towards low budget simple movies with modest cast rather than multi-hundred crore movies with star cast. The contribution of superstar cast movies has dropped and instead fresh talent has seen a rise.
  • The cinema industry is also moving towards private producers from a predominantly production house dominated industry. In these individual movies, the producer has more creative freedom and takes lesser time to produce.

The Positive Effects of Cinema

The positive effects of cinema are as follows

  • Cinema has enabled the people of India to creatively express themselves in a language that can be understood by everyone. As cinema impacts the minds of people, it has the power to positively influence their minds and inculcate values of empathy, kindness, love, peace etc.
  • It aids in spread of cultures and it allows people to be more respectful towards diversity, understand the issues and specific needs of other cultures. It enables intermixing of people of one culture with the others and thus allows for the emergence of a common national composite culture.
  • Cinema also acts as an inspiration for the viewers. It makes the youth more compassionate and inspires them to help others and to do good to humanity. It encourages us to fight our personal pains and teaches us to behave properly with our peers even in pain. It encourages people to help others without seeking anything in return.
  • Movies have always been used by creators to spread social awareness about various issues affecting the Indian society. Movies made on issues of women, war, drug abuse, crimes etc. have led to the creation of awareness in the society on these aspects. It has enabled people to discuss and find solutions to these issues more openly.
  • Movies are a reflection of the existing culture prevailing in the society. It allows us to reflect upon ourselves. When the prevalent beliefs and ideologies are challenged by the movies, it is easier to interrogate ourselves, our attitude towards others, our strength and weaknesses and enables us to become agents of change.
  • Cinema is used to connect the modern world with the past. A movie on history of our culture, civilisation etc has the power to arouse our imagination and reflect back upon our history and society and their evolution till the modern times. It can be used to provide an alternative to a uniform culture promoted by one ideology. Thus, it helps us to recognise diversity in our history.
  • Cinema is used to integrate the country on the basis of our common identities, simultaneously respecting and accepting the diversities. National issues and achievements are often reflected through the use of cinema and its production.

Negative Effects of Cinema

The negative effects of cinema are as follows

  • Cinematic freedom has often been accused of overreach and promoting violence, nudity, racial discrimination, injustice, asympathy etc. Scenes full of violent behaviour are more common now in movies, which tends to influence young minds and makes them insensitive towards others.
  • Cinema is used to stereotype religious practices, communities, gender roles, and creates tensions in the society. It is often abusive towards a particular community. It portrays one community against the other which may not be even the real picture but it can create social unrest.
  • The actors are seen portraying a idealistic hero which may not be true of their personal characteristics in the real life. These actors are often viewed as role models but they are only acting for particular movie scenes. The young people create a false sense of idealistic men and women in their minds which proves detrimental when they discover realities.
  • Commercialisation of cinema at a rapid pace also deprives it of the artistic values as it is only created for profitability. If focus shifts on the profitability of a movie rather than its content and then it becomes more of a commercialised movie rather than an artistic one. Often these movies portray controversies to get profitability which could create tensions in the society.
  • The women are often used as commodities in popular cinema to gain more viewers. The growing tendency of film makers to use violent graphics, sexual imagery, vulgar scenes have further worsened the portrayal of women.


The Indian cinema has grown significantly after the Independence of India. It has influenced the people, society and culture of India since the beginning and in turn has been influenced by it too. It has become a powerful tool of mass communication, political mobilisation, social justice and opinion formation.

The cinema of India has the power to address various social issues. The issue of piracy still affects Indian cinema. Moreover, films have also been accused of promoting harmful behaviours. Thus, there is need to work upon these issues so that cinema can play its role more effectively in a society.

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